The New Education Policy in India – Major Highlights and Changes Listed Another important day to be marked in the history of making India a global superpower. Long-awaited, was approved by the Union Cabinet at a meeting presided by Prime Minister on Wednesday, 29th July 2020. The new education system aims at bringing in transformation reforms in the education system of schools and higher education.
- Replacing the 34-year old education system is another major move in the direction of strengthening India as a global power.
- Now More:- During the tenure of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, in 1985, the Ministry of Education was assigned a new name as the Human Resource Development (HRD).
- And the National Education System (NEP) was formed in 1986.
Former Prime Minister PV Narsimha Rao was the first HRD minister under the Rajiv Gandhi Cabinet. The new NEP also includes the renaming of the HRD Ministry back to the Education Ministry. Promoting the spirit of “Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat”, Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted, “Aspects such as widening the availability of scholarships, strengthening infrastructure for Open and Distance Learning, Online Education and increasing the usage of technology have received great attention in the NEP.
These are vital reforms for the education sector.” In the Tweet thread, welcoming the NEP he said, “I wholeheartedly welcome the approval of the National Education Policy 2020! This was a long due and much-awaited reform in the education sector, which will transform millions of lives in the times to come.” The new education system can prove to be a turning stone in the times to come.
Some have welcomed it with open minds and for some, the changes introduced are still confusing. To make it easy to understand for the common man, here are some of the major highlights of the NEP. Also Read:-
- All higher education institutes excluding the medical and law colleges will be governed by a single regulator.
- MPhil courses will now be terminated.
- Board exams will now be more application and knowledge-based.
- Both the public and private higher education institutes will be governed under the same norms.
- To promote and give more emphasis on the regional language/mother-tongue, instruction medium up to class 5 will be in local/home languages.
- All entrance exams for higher education institutes and universities will be held commonly.
- School curriculum to focus more on core concepts.
- Vocational education will also be imparted from 6th grade onwards.
- 10+2 study culture discontinue and new structure of 5+3+3+4 will be followed, subjecting to the respective age group of 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years.
The major aim of introducing and implementing the NEP is to enhance the quality of education equally for all and moving in the direction of strengthening India as a global superpower. The NEP was drafted by a panel led by the former head of Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Kasturirangan and presented to Union Minister for Human Resources Development Ramesh Pokhriyal when he took office in 2019.
- Single Regulations For All Levels Of School Education: NEP focuses on providing universal access to education at all level from pre-school to higher education. This will include:
- Tracking the students and their learning levels.
- Bringing back the dropouts to the mainstream through innovative education centers.
- Infrastructure support.
- Introducing counselors and trained social workers to schools
- Facilitate multiple learning paths that involve formal and non-formal education modes.
- Grade 3, 5 and 8 will be provided open learning and open public schools through NIOS.
- Equivalent secondary education programs in grades 10 and 12
- Introduction of vocational courses in the school curriculum.
The above aims will be accomplished with the help of adult-literacy and life-enrichment programs.
- New Curriculum For Early Childhood Care And Education: NEP will be replacing the 10+2 curriculum structure with a 5+3+3+4 structure. The new system has proposed 12 years of school education with 3 years of pre-schooling/Anganwadi.3-6 years of age is globally recognized as the crucial age for the mental development of the child. Keeping this in mind the new curriculum structure has been formulated which will be corresponding to 3-8, 8-11, 11-14 and 14-18 years of age, respectively. The key points are:
- National Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) will be created by NCERT for children up to 8 years old.
- Strengthened educational systems like Anganwadis and Kindergartens will focus on Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE).
- Anganwadi workers and kindergarten teachers will be trained in ECCE pedagogy and programs.
- Ministries of Human Resource Development, Health and Family Welfare (HFW), Women and Child Development (WCD) and Tribal Affairs will collectively administer the ECCE.
- Pivot On Base Literacy: According to the NEP, MHRD will set up a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy. By 2025, States will prepare and implement a program to attain foundational literacy and numeracy for students till class 3 in all primary schools. Another step prosed in this direction is the formulation of a National Book Promotion Policy.
- Changes In School Curriculum And Pedagogy: The School curriculum and pedagogy will be reformed, keeping in mind the overall development of students. The new curriculum will include equipping the students with
- 21st Century key skills.
- Enhance essential learning, practical and critical thinking and experiential thinking.
- Reduction in previous curriculum content.
- More flexibility in choosing the subjects.
- No distinguishing between science, commerce and maths.
- Co-curricular activities and vocational activities and academic streams will be regarded as the same.
- Vocational education will include internships and will be imparted from class 6th onwards.
- NCFSE 2020-21 (National Curricular Framework For School Education) will be created by NCERT.
- Promoting Regional/Local Language: NEP proposes promotion of regional languages by making it the medium of instruction till 5th or 8th class. Sanskrit will be an optional third language subject at all levels of the school. Other than Sankrit, other languages will also be available as optional subjects. Secondary level education will include teaching of other foreign languages as well. ISL (Indian Sign Language) will be made standard across the country and teaching material for students with hearing impairments will be developed for national and state schools.
- Assessment Reforms: The NEP proposes regular and formative assessments, replacing the summative assessment. The new assessment system is more competency-based. This will enhance the student’s development and learning skills. The main aim is to increase the analytical, critical and conceptual thinking of the student. All students will take 3rd, 5th and 8th-year exams which will be taken by the competent authority.10th and 12th classes will still appear for the board exams but the pattern will be restructured aiming at the integrated development of the child. A new National Assessment Center, PARAKH (Performance, Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) will be established as a standard-setting body.
- Equitable and Inclusive Education: The education policy will focus on promoting equality among all. Special attention will be given to the SEDG (Socially and Economically Disadvantaged) group. SEDG includes gender, geographical, cultural and social disabilities. This norm of the policy will work on
- Gender Inclusion Fund
- Disadvantaged regions will have special education zones.
- Disabled students will be allowed for regular schooling with the help of teachers specialized for disable students.
- Training, accommodations, appropriate technology, etc will be provided to disabled students taking up regular schooling.
- States/districts are advised to set up day-boarding schools – “Bal Bhavans” for participation in extra activities that will be career and play related.
- Changes in The Process Of Teacher’s Recruitment: Teachers will now be recruited with more transparent processes and promotions will be merit-based. The Common National Professional Standards (NPST) will be created by NCTE by 2022, in deliberation with NCERT, teachers and expert organizations and SCERT at all levels and regions.
- Standard Setting And Accreditation Program: The new education policy, 2020 provides clear and distinct systems for university policy, regulation, operations and formulation. States/UTs will create an Independent Public School Standards Authority (SSSA). A new body called the School Quality Assessment and Accreditation Framework (SQAAF) will be created by SCERT for public accountability and oversight. This will promote transparent public self-disclosure.
- 50% Increase In GER: The NEP aims at increasing the current GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) from 26.3% to 50 by 2035. According to the NEP it is being speculated that 3.5 crore new seats will be added for higher education.
- Overall Multidisciplinary Education: The policy provides for a holistic, multidisciplinary and broad-based undergraduate education with flexible study plans, more options in choosing the subjects, including and focusing more on vocational education and more flexibility to enter and exit the course with authorized certification. Undergraduates will now have the option to choose the number of years as per their requirement ranging from 1-4 years with appropriate certification. For example, certificate after 1 year, advanced diploma after 2 years, license after 3 years and research license after 4 years.
- Regulations: The Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be established as a single and comprehensive coordinating body for all higher education, except for medical and legal education. HECI will have four independent verticals:
- The National Council for the Regulation of Higher Education (NHERC) for regulation.
- The General Council of Education (GEC) for standardization.
- The Council for Higher Education Grants (HEGC) for funding.
- The National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation.
HECI will operate through faceless intervention through technology and will have the power to penalize higher education institutions that do not conform to norms and standards.
- Institutional Architecture: Defining a university will allow for the creation of a variety of institutions ranging from research-intensive universities to education-intensive universities and independent degree-granting colleges. University membership should be phased out in 15 years and a progressive mechanism should be put in place to grant progressive autonomy to universities. Over time, each university is expected to become an independent degree-granting university or a college that constitutes a university.
- Teacher Training: NCTE will formulate a new comprehensive national educational framework for teacher training, NCFTE 2021, in consultation with NCERT. As per the policy of the new education system, by 2030, a teacher will require a minimum of B.Ed degree of 4 years for teaching in any institution. Continued action will be taken against lower quality Autonomous Teacher Training Institutions (TEIs).
- Open And Distance Learning: Open and distance learning will have a vital role in increasing the GER. Measures will be taken such as online courses and digital repositories, research funding, improvement of student services, recognition of MOOCs on the basis of credits, etc. to ensure that it is keeping up with the standards of imparting the highest quality of classroom programs.
- Online education and digital education: A comprehensive set of recommendations is provided in NEP, for the promotion of online education in the wake of the recent outbreak of pandemics to ensure the availability of quality alternative education modes anytime and anywhere. MHRD will create a special unit focusing only on the building of digital content and infrastructure to ensure the futuristic goal of e-education is met for higher education and schools.
- Vocational Education: All types of occupational education and training will be a fundamental part of the higher education system, to strengthen the base of the students for different professions. An internship of 10 days in a year will also be provided to the students in local vocations according to the area or region. Autonomous technical universities, universities of health sciences, legal and agricultural universities, etc. they aim to become multidisciplinary institutions.
- Financial Education: The NEP aims at increasing the current GDP to 6% higher at the earliest. ANd for this both the state and center government will work together and promote the increase of public investment in the education sector.
These were all the changes in detail that were proposed and introduced in the New Education Policy 2020. Popular Posts : The New Education Policy in India – Major Highlights and Changes Listed
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- 0.1 What are the new education policy in India?
- 0.2 What are the main points of new policy education?
- 0.3 When was NEP announced?
- 0.4 What is the new education policy NEP 2022 for students?
- 1 What is new education policy in simple words?
What are the new education policy in India?
Schooling starts at the age of 3 years now – The New Education Policy extends compulsory schooling from the age bracket of 6-14 years to 3-18 years. The NEP includes three years of previously unrecognized pre-schooling for children aged 3-6 years in the school curriculum.
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What are the main points of new policy education?
Salient Features of NEP, 2020 – Posted On: 01 AUG 2022 6:04PM by PIB Delhi National Education Policy 2020 has been announced on 29.07.2020. The National Education Policy 2020 proposes various reforms in school education as well as higher education including technical education.
Ensuring Universal Access at All Levels of schooling from pre-primary school to Grade 12; Ensuring quality early childhood care and education for all children between 3-6 years; New Curricular and Pedagogical Structure (5+3+3+4); No hard separations between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, between vocational and academic streams; Establishing National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy; Emphasis on promoting multilingualism and Indian languages; The medium of instruction until at least Grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be the home language/mother tongue/local language/regional language. Assessment reforms – Board Exams on up to two occasions during any given school year, one main examination and one for improvement, if desired; Setting up of a new National Assessment Centre, PARAKH (Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development); Equitable and inclusive education – Special emphasis given on Socially and Economically Disadvantaged Groups (SEDGs); A separate Gender Inclusion fund and Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups; Robust and transparent processes for recruitment of teachers and merit based performance; Ensuring availability of all resources through school complexes and clusters;
(xiii) Setting up of State School Standards Authority (SSSA); (xiv) Exposure of vocational education in school and higher education system;
Increasing GER in higher education to 50%;
(xvi) Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education with multiple entry/exit options;
NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission to HEIs; Establishment of Academic Bank of Credit;
(xix) Setting up of Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs);
Setting up of National Research Foundation (NRF);
(xxi) ‘Light but Tight’ regulation;
Single overarching umbrella body for promotion of higher education sector including teacher education and excluding medical and legal education- the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI)-with independent bodies for standard setting- the General Education Council; funding-Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC); accreditation- National Accreditation Council (NAC); and regulation- National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC); Expansion of open and distance learning to increase Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER). Internationalization of Education Professional Education will be an integral part of the higher education system. Stand-alone technical universities, health science universities, legal and agricultural universities, or institutions in these or other fields, will aim to become multi-disciplinary institutions. Teacher Education – 4-year integrated stage-specific, subject- specific Bachelor of Education Establishing a National Mission for Mentoring. Creation of an autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration. Appropriate integration of technology into all levels of education. Achieving 100% youth and adult literacy. Multiple mechanisms with checks and balances will combat and stop the commercialization of higher education. All education institutions will be held to similar standards of audit and disclosure as a ‘not for profit’ entity. The Centre and the States will work together to increase the public investment in Education sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest. Strengthening of the Central Advisory Board of Education to ensure coordination to bring overall focus on quality education.
NEP, 2020 aim to increase the GER to 100% in preschool to secondary level by 2030 whereas GER in Higher Education including vocational education from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035. The Central Sector Scheme Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya National Mission on Teachers and Teaching (PMMMNMTT) was launched in 2014 to address comprehensively all issues related to Teacher Training/ Capacity Building and Professional Development of Teachers.
Under the components, the total 95 Centres were established throughout the country through which faculties/Teachers have been trained. Currently, The Standing Finance Committee has appraised the Scheme and recommended for continuation till 2025-2026 with the total outlay of Rs.493.68 crore. Under the PMMMNMTT Scheme Centres are established on the basis of the proposals received from education institutions, their screening by Screening Committee and approval by Project Approval Board.
The information was given by the Minister of State for Education, Dr. Subhas Sarkar in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today. ***** MJPS/AK (Release ID: 1847066) Visitor Counter : 59110 Read this release in: Urdu
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Who gave new education policy 2022?
On Thursday, the Union Minister of State Science and Technology Dr Jitendra Singh said that the National Education Policy, NEP 2020 seeks to de-link degrees from education and livelihood opportunities. clarifying his remarks, Singh said that linking degrees with education has taken a heavy toll on India’s education system and society as well and one of the fallouts has been an increasing number of educated unemployed.
- While addressing students and youth at the Krishna Mahavidyalaya at Thakurdwar in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, Singh said that NEP 2020 also supports the Start-Up ecosystem, and promises to open new career and entrepreneurship opportunities for students and youth in India.
- READ | Pope Francis admits priests, nuns have ‘vice of porn’, warns ‘devil enters from there and weakens soul’ When was NEP 2020 introduced? What are its benefits? For the unversed, NEP 2022 was introduced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to reorient India’s education policy as per global benchmarks.
Many, including Singh, have described it as the biggest path-breaking reform in India since independence, calling it not only progressive and visionary but also in keeping with the emerging needs and requirements of 21st-century India. How does NEP 2020 help students? NEP 2020 gives due priority to the students’ inherent talent, knowledge, skill, and aptitude, rather than focusing only on degrees, Singh said.
- The Minister said NEP-2020 is having provisions for multiple entry/exit options thus providing academic flexibility to the students.
- He said this will have a positive impact on the students related to the availing of different career opportunities at different times, depending upon their intrinsic learning and inherent aptitude.
READ | Russian President Vladimir Putin denies having any intentions of using nuclear weapons in Ukraine How Uttar Pradesh is turning into a start-up hub? Singh also urged the students and the youth to explore livelihood opportunities in the booming start-up sector in the country.
- He informed the gathering that only in August this year, the Uttar Pradesh government injected Rs 4,000 crore into the state’s start-up corpus for employment generation and economic activity.
- The fresh infusion of capital has been made to constitute the maiden ‘UP Innovation Fund’ that will be mandated to provide seed capital to start-ups, the minister said.
Singh noted with satisfaction that the Uttar Pradesh government plans to have at least one incubator in every district by 2023. As of now, there are 47 incubators in 20 districts, the statement said. Singh told the youth of Moradabad that Uttar Pradesh is catching up fast in the start-up race and there are more than 6,500 start-ups already registered in the state.
READ | US: 3 Indian students in their 20s killed in road accident in western Massachusetts Singh said Noida has turned out to be the most preferred destination for start-ups followed by Ghaziabad, Agra, Lucknow, and Gorakhpur in the Purvanchal region, and now is the time for the innovative minds of the western UP to take a lead in the start-up movement.
He said the green and farm-rich belt of the western region can be a fertile ground for agri-tech and dairy start-ups. The minister promised all support from the Ministry of Science and Technology to support the start-up ecosystem.
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What is NEP model school?
What is the scheme? – The first mention of the scheme was made in Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman’s 2021 Budget speech where she spoke about the Centre’s vision to transform education in the country. More than 15,000 schools will be qualitatively strengthened for effective implementation of the new national education policy, she said.
- Earlier this year, Union Minister for Education Dharmendra Pradhan said at a national conference of education ministers that the Centre was in the process of establishing PM Shri Schools.
- These state-of-art schools will be the laboratory of the new education policy,” the minister remarked.
- On September 7, the Cabinet approved the scheme.
Under the scheme, 14,597 existing schools selected from amongst those managed by the Central government, States, Union Territories and local bodies will be redeveloped as model institutions, or PM Shri Schools, to fulfil the objectives of the NEP 2020.
- Exemplar schools for providing leadership in implementation of NEP 2020 and meeting 21st century educational aspirations.
- Gratitude to PM @narendramodi ji for his approval to transform 14,597 schools across India into model #PMSHRISchools in the next 5 years.
- Pic.twitter.com/Yo3R37nc9U — Dharmendra Pradhan (@dpradhanbjp) September 7, 2022 These schools will “deliver quality teaching for the cognitive development of students and strive to create individuals equipped with key 21st-century skills,” the Union Ministry of Education said in a statement.
The Centre expects 18 lakh students to directly benefit from the scheme. “Further impact will be generated through the mentoring and handholding of the schools in the vicinity of the PM SHRI Schools,” the ministry said. The centrally sponsored scheme will be implemented with a total project cost of ₹27,360 crore, with ₹18,128 crore being the Centre’s share, for five years from 2022-23 to 2026-27, the ministry added.
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When was NEP announced?
About New Education Policy Consultation – The National Education Policy was framed in 1986 and modified in 1992. More than three decades have passed since previous Policy. During this period significant changes have taken place in our country, society economy, and the world at large.
- It is in this context that the education sector needs to gear itself towards the demands of the 21st Century and the needs of the people and the country.
- Quality, innovation and research will be the pillars on which India will become a knowledge super power.
- Clearly, a new Education Policy is needed.
- The Government had initiated the process of formulating a New Education Policy through the consultation process for an inclusive, participatory and holistic approach, which takes into consideration expert opinions, field experiences, empirical research, stakeholder feedback, as well as lessons learned from best practices.
The Committee for preparation of the draft National Education Policy submitted its report to the Ministry on 31.05.2019. The Draft National Education Policy 2019 (DNEP 2019) was uploaded on MoE website and also at MyGov Innovate portal eliciting views/suggestions/comments of stakeholders, including public.
- The draft NEP is based on the foundational pillars access, affordability, equity, quality and accountability.
- Post submission of Draft Report States/UTs Governments and Government of India Ministries were invited to give their views and comments on Draft National Education Policy 2019.
- A brief summary of the Draft National Education Policy 2019 was circulated among various stakeholders, which was also translated in 22 languages and uploaded on the Ministry’s website.
Meetings with State Education Secretaries of School Education and with State Secretaries of Higher & Technical Education were held.An Education Dialogue with Hon’ble MPs of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry, Kerala, Karnataka & Odisha.
A special meeting of CABE on National Education Policy was held.’ In the meeting, 26 Education Ministers of various States and UTs, representatives of States and Union Territories, Members of CABE, Heads of Autonomous Organisations, Vice Chancellors of Universities, attended the meeting along with senior officials of the Central and State Governments.
Around 2 lakh suggestions on the Draft National Education Policy received from various stakeholders. A meeting on Draft NEP 2019 of Parliamentary Standing Committee on Education was held on 07.11.2019. Currently exercise of formulation of National Education Policy is ongoing and it will be finalised shortly.
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What is the new education policy NEP 2022 for students?
New National Education Policy 2022 नई शिक्षा नीति What is NEP 5+3+3+4 Structure PDF National Educational Policy (NEP) : Union cabinet paved the way for transformative reform in school and higher education system by launching the New National Education Policy (NEP) on 29 th July 2020.
- They also renamed MHRD as Ministry of Education,
- After the old national education policy which was launched way back in 1986, this is the first education policy of 21 st century that has replaced 34 years old education policy,
- The new NEP is based on four pillars which are Access, Equity, Quality, and Accountability,
In this new policy, there will be a 5+3+3+4 structure which comprises 12 years of school and 3 years of Anganwadi/ pre-school replacing old 10+2 structure. NEP 2022 Timeline UGC Chairman said that the due to COVID-19 pandemic affected the implementation of NEP but they assure that once the condition normalizes then it will be implemented at a faster pace.
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What is new education policy in simple words?
Features of National Education Policy 2020 – The National Education Policy as submitted by the Kasturirangan Committee submitted an education policy that seeks to address the following challenges facing the existing education system:
- The policy provides for reforms at all levels of education from school to higher education.
- NEP aims to increase the focus on strengthening teacher training, reforming the existing exam system, early childhood care and restructuring the regulatory framework of education.
- Other intentions of the NEP include:
- Increasing public investment in education,
- Setting up NEC (National Education Commission),
- Increasing focus on vocational and adult education,
- Strengthening the use of technology, etc.
Compare the features of the New Education Policy with,
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